Building components

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Major building components include items such
as foundations (located under or at ground level),
structural framing (usually steel but can be wood
in smaller structures) or bearing walls (often
poured concrete or concrete block but sometimes
wood as well) providing the above ground physical
support for the structure, curtain walls or
other types of exterior façade or fenestration
(glazing) (providing a weatherproof exterior for
the building), the roof (consisting of a roof deck
and weatherproof covering), interior walls (often
with a steel or wood framing covered with drywall),
and various elements of mechanical, electrical,
and plumbing systems. Some properties
may also have items such as parking (either in
a ground level structure or in a parking garage)
and possibly extensive grounds and landscaping.
In addition, there are various elements of FF&E
(furniture, fixtures, and equipment) including
paint, wall coverings, carpet, foodservice equipment,
dining tables and chairs, and guestroom
furnishings. Components such as foundation and
structural framing require little maintenance and
hopefully little in the way of replacement investment
over time. Interior walls, building systems,
and FF&E may require substantial maintenance
attention and cost on an ongoing basis. Other
elements, such as roofing, may require little
ongoing maintenance but substantial periodic
replacement costs.

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