Travel & Tourism

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Tee-Time Troubles

Long rounds of golf hurt golfing, by frustrating other golfers and by harming the operation's ability to turn a profit. Many courses try to compensate for long rounds by putting more golfers on the course, which is accomplished by decreasing tee-time intervals. Some courses have as many as eight tee-times per hour. Seven Bridges Golf Course in Woodridge, Illinois, is bucking

Tourism Challenges

The tourism and hospitality industries face a large number of challenges caused by the general nature of global dynamics, as well as the specific problems noted above.

 The challenge of demographics

 There is considerable evidence that tourism is linked to population size and GDP, so in some respects the future of tourism would seem assured. Demographics is a key element of

Tourism Solutions

A level of agreement emerges from the articles with respect to some likely
characteristics of the tourism and hospitality industries in the coming century.

It seems clear that there is going to be greater polarization in the industries
in all kinds of ways:
* the ‘haves’ vs. the ‘have nots’ in terms of consumers as well as destination
areas
* large, global firms vs. small, niche players
* increased mass tourism vs. increased elite tourism
* domestic vs. international tourism
* business vs. pleasure tourism, often with extremely different requirements

Frozen Fore

What’s more difficult than trying to sink a holein-
one? Trying to sink one when the entire
course is made of ice—that’s right, without a
blade of grass in sight.
The World Ice Golf Championship, which
is played on Greenland’s surreal northwestern
ice fields, started in the small town of Uummannaq
(Greenlandic for ‘‘heart-shaped’’). The
championship has been held there during
years with perfect ice conditions, starting in
1997.
The Championship course is set in one of
the world’s most spectacular landscapes, located

THE BIOLOGICAL APPEAL OF GOLF LANDSCAPES

Applying the principles of art to golf course design obviously contributes a sense of well-being to
those golfers who are playing with the objectives of relaxing and enjoying themselves. On the other
hand, touring professionals out to win concentrate on getting the ball into the tiny hole and may be
forced to ignore beautiful surroundings. Yet one suspects that the beauty of a course provides even
them with relaxation during periods of extreme stress. This sense of well-being may be somewhat

Tourism Research

The first scholarly research journal in tourism was The Tourist Review, the
official publication of the Association Internationale d’Experts Scientifiques
du Tourisme (AIEST), in its 55th year of publication by the year 2000. This
was followed by JTR, which commenced publication in 1972, and was joined
by Annals of Tourism Research, which started publication in 1973. The next
several years saw just a handful of other new research journals in tourism.
The explosion in new tourism research journals came in the late 1980s and

September 11 serious impact on the travel and tourism sector

There is no doubt that the tragic events of
September 11, 2001, in New York, Washington,
D.C., and Pennsylvania have left in their wake
an immediate and serious impact on the travel
and tourism sector. Airline and hotel bookings
declined; conferences were canceled or postponed;
travel agents saw their business fall off
significantly; layoffs occurred; and increased
airport and immigration security has increased
lines and generally made these aspects of travel
much more of a hassle.
At the same time, other travel businesses

Tourism Research (2)

Despite the growth in research output, tourism research consumers still feel
that research is not meeting their needs.
Why? The major obstacle lying between them is the difference in the reward
systems within which they work. Private industry relies on indicators of profit
and growth, and in both the private and public sectors job security depends
on quality service to key constituencies or customers. For academics, job
security depends on research output, usually in the form. of refereed publications.

Tourism Research (3)

Observation 3
The rapid growth in tourism researchers and publication outlets may lead
to excess quantity and a compromise in quality, which has the potential to
widen the gap between research producers and consumers.
Why? Because journals need research manuscripts in order to survive, and
because the headlong rush to produce academics who can teach in the everincreasing
number of university tourism programmes may have encouraged
less-than-rigorous research training at the postgraduate level. Moreover, the