Checklist for the preparation against tropical storms

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Natural disasters such as tropical storms leave little or no time to prepare for the onset. The preparation of checklists
is therefore of major importance and should not be neglected by resorts in areas which are likely to be affected. The
following example gives an idea of how a checklist can be prepared:

I. Activation of management
——Identify a person who will take on each of the following eight major responsibilities
- Building (resort)
- Emergency shelter coordination and supplies
- Communications
- Employee coordination
- Guest roster maintenance
- Evacuation coordination
- Travel assistance and transportation coordination
- Security coordination

II. Preparing the resort
(a) Verify the status of:
- Emergency communications equipment, including walkie-talkies and mobile
- Fire protection systems
- Lightning protection systems
- Water-level monitoring systems
- Overflow detection devices
- Automatic shutoffs
- (Rechargeable) batteries, emergency power generation systems
- Fuel supplies (full if possible)
- Hazardous materials storage

(b) Define shutdown conditions
- Determine who can order shutdown of major resort elements (including evacuation)
- Determine how a partial shutdown would affect other facility operations
- Verify the length of time required for shutdown and restarting
- Specify the conditions that could necessitate a shutdown and provide this
information to the decision-maker in conjunction with information on what parts of
the facility would be affected and the time needed to shut down and restart
- Determine who would carry out shutdown procedures

(c) Preserve vital records
- Secure vital records not needed during the emergency. Store computer tapes and
disks in insulated and waterproof containers
- Initiate back up of computer systems
- Ensure the your own web services are redundantly available on servers outside storm
- Arrange for evacuation of records to back-up facilities

(d) Secure outside facilities
- Move equipment to protected areas
- Move furniture inside buildings
- Remove banners, flags and vulnerable potted plants and artwork
- Relocate livestock and move pets to indoor facilities
- Secure materials to shutters or protect windows

(e) Prepare shelter facilities (if appropriate)
Clear and organize interior rooms for:
- Guest and employee occupation
- Food, fuel and luggage storage
- Food distribution
- Sanitary needs
- Communications
Provide for emergency heat, lighting and cooking

III. Emergency shelter coordination and supplies
——Determine for whom the facility will be used as an emergency shelter site
(i.e. guests, employees, essential operational employees). Base action
on the items below on this decision:
- If the facility is NOT intended to be a shelter, identify official shelters and evacuation
sites and prepare directions to them
- If the facility WILL provide shelter, verify the accessibility and adequate provision of
fuel, food water, blankets, pillows and first aid supplies to the sheltered areas of the
facility. Verify telephone and backup communication lines to civil authorities and
emergency assistance

IV. Communications
- Move communications equipment to the shelter space and test it to verify it works. This should include
radios and, where possible, telephones and televisions
- Distribute portable short-range two-way radios to managers, coordinators, critical facility locations and
security staff
- Establish back-up communications procedures which might include human messengers (runners)
- Activate automatic call divert to specialized call centre in the event of disrupted phone lines (important for
the communication with relatives)
- Coordinate with civil authorities regarding facility intentions and status
- Establish a ‘Message Board’ for posting announcements on the status of the storm, warnings, evacuation
notices, travel advisories and telephone numbers for assistance and emergencies
- Ensure that your own web services are redundantly available on servers outside storm area (mirror servers)
- Arrange for web maintenance during and after storm to disseminate important information to relatives
and stakeholders (transmit important server access information to headquarters and to other (company)
resorts outside the storm area)
- Copy and distribute checklists and advisory notices for tourists and guests

V. Employee coordination
- Identify and notify critical employees needed at the facility for the preparation or maintenance and
operation during the storm
- Provide checklists and advisory notices to employees and their families
- Determine the need for employee sheltering and inform shelter coordinators

VI. Guest and employee roster
- Provide a log for guest and employee sign-in and sign-out
- Prepare and maintain a roster of current employees and guests
- Establish a file in which to maintain data provided by guests about their home addresses, emergency
family contacts and travel plans
- Upon evacuation, update the roster with information on departures and intended destinations

VII. Evacuation coordination
- Determine evacuation conditions for the various categories of tourists, guests, non-critical employees and
critical employees
- Verify who makes the decision to evacuate the facility
- Determine and post the evacuation routes and destination points
- Establish notification procedures to announce an evacuation
- Upon the decision to evacuate, contact civil authorities on facility intentions and evacuation progress

VIII. Travel assistance and transport coordination
- Identify commercial and emergency travel coordinators for airline, train and bus lines
- Announce the availability of emergency travel assistance
- Contact tour directors and determine transport requirements and the availability of any additional seats, if
they have their own transport. Post the availability of such opportunities

IX. Security coordination
- Determine security requirements during emergency preparations, onset of the storm and immediately after
the storm
- Establish when security resources should be brought to the facility and when they should be deployed
- Identify a coordination centre for security resources and supply it with appropriate emergency
communications equipment
- Coordinate with communications in the event of security problems and the need for civil assistance

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