Since a long time, tourism education has been a topic of debate in academia and numerous
studies have been published about the theme in some of the major international specialised
journals (see e.g. Jafari & Ritchie, 1981; Airey & Johnson, 1999; Tribe, 2002).
Some parts of the world, however, have been left out of the discussion for several years, as
is the case of Latin America, only more recently addressed by Pizam (1999). Also, only a
limited number of researchers have approached the topic of tourism education provision in
countries of the region, such as Charles (1997), who wrote about the past and future development
of tourism and hospitality education and training in the Caribbean region and
Knowles, Teixeira, and Egan (2003) who presented a comparison of tourism and hospitality
education in Brazil and in the United Kingdom (UK).
Similarly, tourism research has become a very much-examined topic in specialised publications,
academic conferences and discussions worldwide (see e.g. Van Doren, Koh, &
McCahill, 1994; Botterill, Haven & Gale, 2002; Page, 2003). Once again, Latin America
has not been a focal point of attention of researchers and no major international publication
has dealt with the topic in the region to date.
Brazil is used in this thread to highlight the major concerns and indicate some of the tendencies
of education and research in tourism in Latin America. Initially, an overview of
tourism education and research in the Latin American context is given. Then, a description of
the Brazilian education system is offered, followed by a discussion of the main issues regarding
Tourism Higher Education (THE) and research in the country. Finally, conclusions about
the development of tourism as a subject in higher education in Latin America are drawn out.
[ by Tourism at 3-10-2009 07:09 edited ]