Architectural plans

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Architectural plans are drawings developed by architects, engineers, or consultants to provide instructions for contractors and trades personnel. They may also be used to determine the amount of construction materials needed and to evaluate the travel patterns of building inhabitants. There are several types of architectural plans.

Plan view
The plan view is obtained when a building or room is cut horizontally 30 above the finished floor. The view shows all of the major equipment or furniture located in the room. This plan may be used to show equipment or furniture layouts, electrical or lighting systems, to calculate floor coverings and to analyze travel patterns.

Elevation
An elevation is a vertical view of an exterior wall or an interior room. Exterior elevations show the building height, the size and height of windows, construction materials, roof lines, and orientation of the building. Interior elevations show the height of walls, equipment or furniture, window types and heights, and the height relationship of adjacent pieces of furniture or equipment.

Section
A section view is generally a vertical cut through a building or piece of equipment. Section views can show wall thickness, roof construction, stair construction, or equipment construction.

Plot/survey
A plot view is a horizontal view of an entire property, showing the location of the building, contour lines, and landscaping. The plot view can be used to assess the topography, determine where rain water will drain, and the best location for parking. A survey view shows the legal boundary lines of the lot. This view also shows the distances from the property line to the building.

Detail
A detail view is used to show specific features of construction, such as cabinet drawers, decorative trim, or furniture design. When the blueprint scale is too small for a tradesperson to use, a detail is drawn using a scale large enough for instruction. The detail drawing should clarify the understanding of the specified furniture or equipment.

Reference
Borsenik, F. D., & Stutts, A. T. (1997). The Management of Maintenance and Engineering Systems in the Hospitality Industry (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

CAROLYN U. LAMBERT
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY, USA

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