Xeriscape was derived from the Greek word ‘xeros’, meaning ‘dry’ and ‘landscape’. Xeriscape means gardening with less than average water. Xeriscape is landscape consisting primarily of native, drought resistant species, less than average turf and other practices that require little or no maintenance, watering, or fertilization. Welsh, Welch and Duble (2004) suggest that xeriscape landscaping incorporates seven basic principles that lead to saving water: planning and design, soil analysis, practical turf areas, appropriate plant selection, efficient irrigation, use of mulches, and appropriate maintenance. A Xeriscape type land scape can reduce outdoor water consumption by as much as 50% without sacrificing the quality and beauty of the environment.
Xeriscape is particularly beneficial to hotels that can use anywhere from 100,000 gallons to 1,000,000 gallons of water for irrigation each month.